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        Sativa, Indica or Ruderalis (Hybrid)?

        Do you know the effects of individual varieties of cannabis?

        These varieties are generally believed to be associated with certain psychoactive effects. The Sativa effect is often described as mentally stimulating and energizing, while the Indica effect is described as relaxing and calming.


        When you take a sativa, you feel like cleaning the apartment, put on some music and you'll be excited. When you have an indica, you sit down to a good movie, eat a packet of chips (or two), have a good time and then get a good night's sleep. Indica represents more calming.


        Subspecies of hemp

        Hemp is a botanical genus of plants and although it is classified as one species, Cannabis sativa, at least three different subspecies have been identified and debated for years - Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. There are also many hybrids, which include many crosses, especially between sativa and indica varieties.


        Biologist Carl Linnaeus was the first to identify one species in 1753, which he named Cannabis sativa. he described several varieties and thought that they all belonged to the same species. In 1785, the botanist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck identified another species, Cannabis indica. He noticed that C. sativa grows taller, is more fibrous, and has narrow leaves, while C. indica is shorter, has broad leaves, and is more psychoactive.


        Cannabis indica is a more genetically diverse species and the cultivation of this species is more widespread in the world. The species C. indica was further divided into four further subspecies:

        • Indica
        • Afghan
        • Chinensis
        • Karistanica


        Hemp Sativa Leaf


        Cannabis SATIVA

        In short:

        • Thailand, Mexico, Southeast Asia
        • type Haze
        • taller and slimmer plants
        • flowering time 60-90 days
        • warm climate and long summer
        • against depression, migraines, nausea, pain
        • effect - energizing, social, creative



        This species comes from an area near the equator and does well in warmer climates. It has very good conditions, for example, in Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and Southeast Asia. The plant has narrow leaves and slender branches, which are further apart compared to C. Indica and Ruderalis. Unlike other species, these plants tend to be taller and thinner, with fewer flowers.


        How does cannabis Sativa affect the body?

        Sativa strains are generally more cerebral and have stimulating effects. From an energetic or yogic perspective, sativa strains are said to activate the upper chakras.


        Positive effects of cannabis sativa:

        • Stimulates, provides energy
        • It promotes a sense of well-being
        • Improves concentration
        • It stimulates creativity
        • Improves mood
        • Relieves headache
        • Relieves nausea
        • Increases appetite

        Potential negative side effects of Sativa:

        • It increases anxiety
        • Increases paranoia
        • It speeds up the heart rate
        • It causes hyperactivity
        • It reduces concentration

        This species also has potential negative effects that can occur at excessively high doses. These effects are associated with increased anxiety, increased heart rate or decreased concentration.


        Hemp Indica Leaf


        Cannabis INDICA

        In short:

        • Central Asia, India
        • type of kush
        • lower and wider plants
        • flowering time 45-60 days
        • too thick can suffer from mold
        • against pain, insomnia, anxiety, inflammation, spasms, seizures
        • effect - calming, sedative

        Indica strains come from the Hindu Kush region of the Middle East - India, Turkey, Morocco, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nepal. Usually C. indica thrives at low temperatures and high altitudes.


        How does Indica affect the body?

        The plant has broad leaves and is shorter, bushier and has dense buds compared to sativa strains. Its effects are more soothing and relaxing, from an energetic point of view it moves energy down to the lower chakras.


        Positive effects of cannabis indica:

        • It relieves physical pain
        • It relaxes the muscles
        • Supports sleep
        • Relieves spasms
        • It relieves seizures
        • It relieves pain
        • It relieves anxiety and stress
        • Increases appetite

        Potential negative side effects of Indica:

        • It induces a feeling of fatigue
        • It creates a feeling of laziness/heaviness
        • It leads to excessive consumption of food
        • It reduces motivation

        Its possible negative effects can induce a feeling of tiredness, can induce a feeling of laziness or heaviness and can reduce motivation.


        Hemp Ruderalis Hybrid Leaf


        Cannabis RUDERALIS (Hybrid)

        It is the least known subspecies. It is characterized by different leaf sizes, which is somewhere in the middle between sativa and indica varieties. These plants tend to be shorter and smaller than other varieties and are sometimes called "wild" hemp.

        This uncommon species was identified in 1924 in southern Siberia and grows wild in other regions of Russia. The name ruderalist comes from the Latin word rudera or ruderal. Ruderal plant species grow on depleted soil, in landfills, roadsides and other damaged areas.


        Although the strain has almost no THC content, some growers choose it for its higher levels of CBN (cannabinol), which has been shown to have many positive health effects, including promoting sleep.



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        Is the labeling of hemp types on products trustworthy?

        Growers all over around the world label their products subjectively with the terms "Indica" and "Sativa". Unfortunately, retailers and consumers cannot rely on the labels that are stuck on the cups. According to scientists from Canada's Dalhousie University, the labels Indica and Sativa on hemp products are often incorrect or misleading. Patients and consumers would appreciate a more scientific approach. Scientists analyzed hundreds of cannabis samples.


        International research has shown that there is no genetic or chemical difference in hemp between sativa and indica. The results were recently published in the leading international journal Nature Plants. Robin van Velzen, a plant expert from Wageningen University contributed to the research.


        To help you understand, we will explain it on terpenes.


        Terpenes of Hemp


        What are terpenes?

        These are the aromatic compounds that create the characteristic smell of many plants, such as hemp, pine and lavender, as well as fresh orange peel. The smell of most plants is caused by a combination of terpenes. In nature, these terpenes protect plants from being consumed by animals or infectious germs.


        Above all, the study shows that you shouldn't just rely on these labels, but you should look at the specific terpene profile," says Van Velzen. “For example, cannabis labeled as Sativa often contains higher concentrations of individual terpenes with a tea and fruity aroma, while Indica samples generally contain higher concentrations of earthy-smelling terpenes such as myrcene, guaiol, gamma-elemene, and gamma-eudesmol. "


        It's really these specific, individual terpenes that make the difference. The overall chemical profile, like the genetics, shows no apparent difference between the designations. We also found only a small number of regions in the cannabis genome that likely contribute to the earthy aroma associated with the Indica label," said Van Velzen.


        It is also notable that different cannabis samples sold under the same name, such as 'Lemon Haze' or 'OG Kush', could be as genetically different from each other as samples with different names.


        According to the researchers, the industry should be more open about the chemical composition. Show terpene profiles in reality instead of unreliable names like Indica or Sativa. Fortunately, several companies are already doing this, but a standardized measurement and naming convention is still lacking. Reliable information is very important," concludes Van Velzen.


        If you are interested in the topic and would like to add something, contact us by email at If you have read this far, thank you and have a nice day.


        "May the healing power of hemp be with us♡"

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